Services from this station include trains to Beijing and Lhasa. It is served by the Guangzhou Metro on Line 2.
As early as the 1950s, the provincial government saw the need for a central train station in Guangzhou but the plans were shelved until 1974 due to the Cultural Revolution.
On the 4th of April, 1979 with the normalisation of relations with Hong Kong, the service that was suspended for over twenty-five years was resumed. Through-train services were moved to in 1996 due to the increasing security problems the station was experiencing.